There has been so much written about the Winslows over the years. I've discussed the literature in print already. Since I posted that five years ago, nothing about the Winslows has been published. So we still wait to find answers to these questions on the Winslows.
1. (possibly) Kenelm Winslow born say 1540, son of Thomas and Elizabeth (Peacock) Winslow and died 1607 at Droitwich, Worcester, England. He married an unknown wife who has to date been conjectured to be Mary Bucke, daughter of Kenelm and Ellen (Neville) Bucke or a daughter of Sir Fulke Greville. Neither of these theories has panned out. Kenelm is believed to be the father of:
2. Edward Winslow, Esquire, born about 1565 and died after 1634 living at Londonderry, Ireland. He married at London, England on 4 November 1594, Magdalene Oliver, born say 1566 and died after 1606 daughter of Gilbert Oliver. Edward and Magdalene had eight children. Of those eight, five came to New England (all males): Edward (Mayflower passenger), John, Eleanor, Kenelm, Gilbert (Mayflower passenger), Elizabeth, Magdalene (grandmother of William Wake, the archbishop of Canterbury), and Josiah.
3. Kenelm Winslow born 30 April 1599 at Droitwich, Worcester, England, died 12 September 1672 at Salem, Massachusetts. He married about June 1634, Ellen Newton, born say 1598 and died at Marshfield, Massachusetts 5 December 1681, widow of John Adams. Ellen arrived in 1623 on the ship Anne and it is not known whether Newton is her maiden name or a previous married name. Kenelm was a cabinetmaker and joiner. Examples of his work are on display at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. Kenelm and Ellen had four children: Kenelm, Ellen, Nathaniel, and Job. By her first husband Ellen had three other children surnamed Adams: James, John, and Susan.
4. Kenelm Winslow (Jr.) was born about 1636 at Plymouth, Massachusetts and died 11 November 1715 at Harwich, Massachusetts. He married at Yarmouth, Massachusetts on 23 September 1667, Mercy Worden, born about 1641 at Barnstable, Massachusetts, and died 22 September 1688 at Harwich, daughter of Peter and Mary Worden. Kenelm married second after 1688 Damaris Eames. By his first wife Kenelm had seven children: Kenelm, Josiah, Thomas, Samuel, Mercy, Nathaniel, and Edward. By his second wife Kenelm had four additional children: Damaris, Elizabeth, Eleanor and John. Kenelm's gravestone is still extant.
5. Kenelm Winslow (III) was born 9 August 1668 at Scituate, Massachusetts and died 20 March 1728/9 at Harwich, Massachusetts. He married 5 January 1689/90 at Harwich, Bethia Hall, born about 1668 at Yarmouth, Massachusetts and died 9 September 1745 at Yarmouth, daughter of Gershom and Bethia (Bangs) Hall. Bethia married secondly Joseph Hawes who died 5 November 1752 at Yarmouth. Kenelm was a clothier and represented Harwich in the General Court in 1720. His gravestone is extant. Kenelm and Bethia had nine children: Bethia, Mercy, Rebecca, Thankful, Kenelm, Thomas, Mary, Hannah, and Seth.
6. Rebecca Winslow was born about 1696 at Harwich, Massachusetts and died September 1790 at Rochester, Massachusetts. She married 24 March 1719/20 at Harwich, Samuel Rider, born 4 February 1695/6 at Yarmouth, Massachusetts and died before 1772, son of John and Esther (Hall) Rider (and thus second cousin of Rebecca). Samuel and Rebecca had eight children: Samuel, Seth, Rebecca, Bethia, Esther, Lydia, Hannah Jane, and John.
Please consult my previous blog posting (linked above) for several articles on the Winslows.
Winslow Memorial: Family Records of the Winslows and Their Descendants in America Volume I: Kenelm Winslow by David Parsons Holton (New York, 1877).
Robert Charles Anderson The Great Migration Begins; Immigrants to New England 1620-1633 (NEHGS, Boston, 1995) I:11-12 (Adams); II:1332 (Newton); III:2033-36 (Winslow).
New England Historical & Genealogical Register 25 (1871):355-57 et seq.
Legislators of the Massachusetts General Court 1691-1780: A Biographical Dictionary by John A. Schutz (Northeastern U. Press, Boston, 1997).