Here is an interesting case. There may be English origins for John Gorham. There may even be several generations behind him. But I've never read nor seen a scholarly treatment of this family. Despite it being very close to the Mayflower, I haven't seen a scholarly article on the English origins of John Gorham. There are many websites that give his ancestry and they all have one thing in common. They cite to nothing. They present the information as fait d'accompli with no sources.
So I can't believe in any of it yet. My one big red flag in all of the studies is that Ralph Gorham, John's supposed father is 50 years older than John is. Possible but unlikely. It looks like I will have to pull the church records of Benefield and see for myself. And nobody relies on probate.
1. Captain John Gorham was baptized 28 January 1620/1 at Benefield, Northamptonshire, England and was buried on 5 February 1675 at Swansea, Massachusetts. He was supposedly the son of Ralph Gorham who also came to New England. John married about 1643 at Plymouth, Massachusetts, Desire Howland, born about 1625 at Plymouth and died 13 October 1683 at Barnstable, Massachusetts, daughter of John and Elizabeth (Tilley) Howland, both passengers on the Mayflower. John and Desire had eleven children: Desire, Temperance, Elizabeth, James, John, Joseph, Jabez, Mercy, Lydia, Hannah, and Shubael.
2. Mercy Gorham was born 20 January 1658 at Barnstable, Massachusetts and died 24 September 1725 at Stonington, Connecticut. She married about 1677 at Barnstable, George Denison (Jr.), born about 1653 at New London, Connecticut and died 27 December 1711, Westerly, Rhode Island, son of George and Ann (Borrodale) Denison. Mercy and George had nine children: Edward, Joseph, Mercy, Samuel, Desire, Elizabeth, Desire, Thankful, and George.
John Howland of the Mayflower: Volume 1; Descendants of Desire Howland Gorham by Elizabeth Pearson White (Picton Press, Camden, ME, 1990).
Mayflower Increasings by Susan E. Roser (2nd edition, Genealogical Publishing, Baltimore, 1995).